Friday, January 20, 2017

A few 19C & 20C Winter Scarves

Teodor Axentowicz (Polish-Armenian painter, 1859–1938) Girl with Scarf

Anders Zorn, (Swedish artist, 1860–1920) Mona, 1898


Félix Edouard Vallotton (Swiss artist, 1865-1925) Young Woman with Yellow Scarf, 1911


Arvid Liljelund (Finnish artist, 1844-1899) Cantor's Aina


Charles Sillem Lidderdale (British artist, 1831-1895) Daydreams 1877

Teodor Axentowicz (Polish-Armenian painter, 1859–1938) Girl in Scarf

Charles Sillem Lidderdale (British artist, 1831-1895) Returning from Market

George Frederic Watts (English Pre-Raphaelite Symbolist Painter and Sculptor, 1817-1904) Emily Tennyson


Anders Zorn,  (Swedish artist, 1860–1920) Ols Maria, 1918


Pablo Picasso (Spanish-born artist, 1881-1973) Fernande Olivier in Headscarves, 1906

Arvid Liljelund (Finnish artist, 1844-1899) Making Lace

Andre Lhote (French artist, 1885-1962) Portrait de Jeanne, 1908

Morning Madonna

1525 Joos van Cleve (Netherlandish, Cleve ca. 1485–1540 Antwerp) and a collaborator, Virgin and Child

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.

Thursday, January 19, 2017

A few amazing Winter Scarves - Vasily Ivanovich Surikov 1848-1916

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Laughing Girl 1890

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov was born in Krasnoyarsk into a family of Siberian Cossacks. Surikov said later that growing up in the severe natural conditions of Siberia gave him the ideals his culture's historical characters, spirit, strength, & health.

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Anfisa

He received his first art lessons from his school teacher, N. V. Grebnev, who, seeing the talent of the boy, started to work with him individually. After finishing school in 1868, the young man left for St. Petersburg on horse-back to join the Academy. He spent a year on his journey, because on his way he made frequent stops in the ancient towns through which he passed. In 1869, he entered the Academy of Art.

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Portrait of A I Yemelyanova nee Shreider 1902

In 1874, Surikov painted his first historical work & received commissions for 4 big paintings for the Cathedral of Christ the Savior in Moscow. To fulfill the commissions Surikov moved to Moscow, where he settled permanently.

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Study for Boyaryshnya Morosova 1886

“When I moved to Moscow, this center of the nation, I immediately found my way in art,” reported Surikov. After the collector of Russian art, Pavel Tretyakov, bought both of Surikov’s history canvases, the artist had money to go abroad. He visited Germany, Italy, France, & Austria, studying and admiring the rich collections & different schools of painting.  In 1887, Surikov’s wife died. Her death caused him to fall into a deep depression. He gave up painting, turned to religion, & left with his children for Siberia.

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Portrait of T K Domozhilova 1891

The atmosphere, familiar from his childhood, plus the caring attitude of his friends restored him to life. In 1891, in Siberia, Surikov painted his most joyous picture Taking of a Snow Fortress, which shows a Siberian game in which a horseman must jump over a sow wall, defended by young people with twigs & whips.

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Portrait of L T Mororina 1892

Besides his famous historical pictures, Surikov created many portraits & self-portraits which show his interest in the culture of his country as well as the inner world of his models. Surikov executed only about 9 historical canvases out of hundreds of portraits, studies, & sketches; but he is still considered one of Russia's greatest historical painters.


Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916)

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Portrait of Ye A Rachova

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Portrait of P I Scherbatova 1910


Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Head of a woman in Black Shawl, 1886

Vasily Ivanovich Surikov (Russian artist, 1848-1916) Self Portrait 1879

Morning Madonna


Probably Lucas Cranach (c 1472-1553) or his workshop. Madonna & Child 1525

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.

Wednesday, January 18, 2017

It is cold! Older Women in Winter Scarves 1700s

Giuseppe Nogari (Italian artist, 1699-1766) An Elderly Woman in a Striped Shawl c 1743


Balthasar Denner (German artist, 1685-1749) or anche Attributed to Christian Seybold (German artist, 1697-1768) Portrait of an Old Woman


 Giuseppe Nogari (Italian artist, 1699-1766) Old Woman Holding Rosary Beads


 Christian Seybold (German artist, 1697-1768) Portrait of an Old Woman, 1749-50


Balthasar Denner (German artist, 1685-1749) Portrait of an old woman c. 1720


Giuseppe Nogari (Italian artist, 1699-1766) An Old Woman with Rosary Beads


Balthasar Denner (German artist, 1685-1749) Portrait of an old woman


Balthasar Denner (German artist, 1685-1749) Old Woman

Morning Madonna


1520 Hans Baldung (1485-1545) Madonna with sleeping Child

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017

Ice Skating in 19C America


Louis Rémy Mignot (American Hudson River School painter, (1831-1870) Winter Skating Scene

Regis-Francois Gignoux (French-born American Hudson River School Painter, 1816-1882) Winter Sports


Regis-Francois Gignoux (French-born American Hudson River School Painter, 1816-1882) Skaters by the Mill


Regis-Francois Gignoux (French-born American Hudson River School Painter, 1816-1882) View Near Elizabethtown, N. J


William Charles Anthony Frerichs (Belgium-born American artist) Ice Skating


John Carlin (American artist, 1813–1891) Snow Scene at Utica 1873

Regis Francois Gignoux (French-born American Hudson River School Painter, 1816-1882) Skaters on a Frozen Pond


William Charles Anthony Frerichs (Belgium-born American artist) Skating in Winter


attributed to Winslow Homer (American painter, 1836-1910) Ice Skating

Fanny Palmer (American artist, 1812-1876) Published by N Currier Winter Pastime 1855


attributed to Charles Jones (Welsh-born artist, 1836-1892) An American Ice Rink 1860

Morning Madonna


Virgin and Child 1490s

In this blog, I try to begin each day with a painting of the Madonna & Child. It centers me; connects me to the past; & encourages me to post some of the religious paintings which were a large part of the core of early Western art.  In the 4C, as the Christian population was rapidly growing & was now supported by the state, Christian art evolved & became grander to suit new, enlarged public spaces & the changing contemporary tastes of elite private clients.

Monday, January 16, 2017

1651 Winter Scarves run afoul of the Fashion Police in Massachusettes

Colonial Laws of Massachusetts, 1651
Sumptuary Laws - Regarding What a Colonist May or May Not Wear

ALTHOUGH SEVERAL DECLARATIONs and orders have been made by this Court against excess in apparell, both of men and women, which have not taken that effect as were to be desired, but on the contrary, we cannot but to our grief take notice that intolerable excess and bravery have crept in upon us, and especially among people of mean condition, to the dishonor of God, the scandal of our profession, the consumption of estates, and altogether unsuitable to our poverty.
1670 New England Portrait of Alice Mason, by an unknown artist

And, although we acknowledge it to be a matter of much difficulty, in regard of the blindness of men's minds and the stubbornness of their wills, to set down exact rules to confine all sorts of persons, yet we cannot but account it our duty to commend unto all sorts of persons the sober and moderate use of those blessings which, beyond expectation, the Lord has been pleased to afford unto us in this wilderness.

And also to declare our utter detestation and dislike that men and women of mean condition should take upon them the garb gentlemen by wearing gold or silver lace, or buttons, or points at their knees, or to walk in great boots; or women of the same ran to wear silk or tiffany hoods, or scarves which, though allowable to persons of greater estates or more liberal education, we cannot but judge it intolerable. . . .


It is therefore ordered by this Court, and authority thereof, that no person within the jurisdiction, nor any of their relations depending upon them, whose visible estates, real and personal, shall not exceed the true and indifferent value of £200, shall wear any gold or silver lace, or gold and silver buttons, or any bone lace above 2s. per yard, or silk hoods, or scarves, upon the penalty of 10s. for every such offense and every such delinquent to be presented to the grand jury.


And forasmuch as distinct and particular rules in this case suitable to the estate or quality of each perrson cannot easily be given: It is further ordered by the authority aforesaid, that the selectmen of every town, or the major part of them, are hereby enabled and required, from time to time to have regard and take notice of the apparel of the inhabitants of their several towns respectively; and whosoever they shall judge to exceed their ranks and abilities in the costliness or fashion of their apparel in any respect, especially in the wearing of ribbons or great boots (leather being so scarce a commodity in this country) lace, points, etc., silk hoods, or scarves, the select men aforesaid shall have power to assess such persons, so offending in any of the particulars above mentioned, in the country rates, at £200 estates, according to that proportion that such men use to pay to whom such apparel is suitable and allowed; provided this law shall not extend to the restraint of any magistrate or public officer of this jurisdiction, their wives and children, who are left to their discretion in wearing of apparel, or any settled militia officer or soldier in the time of military service, or any other whose education and employment have been above the ordinary degree, or whose estate have been considerable, though now decayed.

A few 17C New England Winter Scarves - not too fancy

The Freake Limner (American Colonial Era Painter, active 1670-c 1680) Mrs Elizabeth Freake and Baby Mary 1674

The scarves & clothing in these paintings are based on typical New England clothing of the period but show flourishes of extravagance associated with wealth in 17C America. The abundance of laces & ribbons on the clothing would have been seen as a mark of privileged social status. Massachusetts law stated that only the very wealthy could display extravagant clothing; sleeve slashes, such as those seen in this painting, could only be worn by members of households whose income exceeded 200 pounds per year.  Yet even the well-to-do, influenced by the predominantly New England Puritan & Quaker ethics of the time, often frowned upon overly fancy clothes as vain & impious. It was more common for wealthy people to wear simple clothes made of expensive fabric. 

The Freake Limner (American Colonial Era Painter, active 1670-c 1680) The Mason Children - David, Joanna, and Abigail c 1670


Portrait of Alice Mason, by an unknown artist, C. 1670.